Our Family Name
Whether you are a Hostik, Gostik, Hoscik or Goscik you should be proud of your surname! Ever wondered why the name got changed? I think I have figured it all out, the answer is somewhat complex but the most credible one that can put together so far.
This note gives some background on the many variations of the family name and how they came to be.
The name of Wladyslaw Hoscik father was Aleksander Hostik. (Note: Hoscik was the surname that Wladyslaw used in the UK initially. Around 1980 he would change this to Radziwill. Why? We have no clue at all!)
However, when Wladyslaw was born on 30th May 1908, his birth certificate allegedly recorded the surname as Gostik. We have never seen the birth certificate but have a relative who claims to have seen it many decades ago and confirms it was Gostik.
What surname Wladyslaw grew up with we don’t as yet know for certain but based on evidence below it is thought to have been Hostik supporting the case that either by error or Russian influence (as they lived in Kresy) the birth certificate was incorrect in using "Gostik".
The family name is also continued through his siblings Alexander, Irena, Stefania, Regina.
When Wladyslaw got married to Stanislawa Garnowska the marriage certificate recorded his surname as Gostika. This supports the case that his birth certificate was in the surname "Gostik".
Purely based on the surname of Irena, his sister, it's a fair guess that the family lived under the surname Hoscik up to the time of deportation by the Russians in 1939.
But either through misspelling, illiteracy (which was common both on the part of the family and the Russian officials), or more likely adopting the closest match in Russian, some of the family came to be under the surname "gostik".
Name Changes During Russian Deportations
During deportation to Kazakhstan, Wladyslaws siblings names were thus:
- Irena Hostik - Deported under surname "Hostik" (To Kazakh SSR in Feb 1940)
- Stefania Hostik - Deported under surname "Gostik" (To Kazakh SSR Apr 1940)
- Regina Hostik - Deported under surname "Gostik" (To Kazakh SSR Feb 1940)
Transliteration errors also occurred when converting between various alphabets i.e Hościk = Госцік in Ukrainian, but although Г is H in Ukrainian, it's G in Russian. so then you end up with Goscik. However, when transliterating to English, for example, the c which became ц in Cyrillic becomes "ts" because that's the sound it makes. So you would have Gosstik! In this way the "c" could have become a "t" in an attempt to simplify.
More Russian Confusion!
According to "The Index of The Repressed", by Karta, Wladyslaw was deported to Archangelsk under the recorded name of Wlodzimiercz Goscik.
Yet, in 1989 when Russia issued it's apology to the repressed Polish people, he was named on the Memorial website as "Aleksandrovich Vladimir Gostik".
An expert in this area has indicated that not only were Polish names converted to their nearest Russian equivalent but the Russians (I am a little lost on this next point!) tend to incorporate the fathers name into the persons name.
Why the Russians created 2 different names for him and how all these facts relate is a little bewildering!
The Anders Army Aspect
From 1941 onwards, military records indicate that Wladyslaw was using the surname of Hoscik. What surname he was using in the Polish Army prior to that is not confirmed as yet.
In 1942, during the formation of Anders Army in Kazakhstan, many polish soldiers altered their names slightly as they were very scared of NKVD actions against them if caught. As far as we know, Wladyslaw did not alter his name at this point.
This is rather unusual, because through the rest of his life his name altered many times!
Modern Day - The Hosciks
In the UK, as far as I can ascertain, all Hosciks are direct descendants of Wladyslaw Hoscik. For the most part they live in Slough and also some live close to London, quite a few in London but one or two are in North England and 1 in Scotland.
Modern Day - The Gostiks
There are also direct descendants of Wladyslaw Hoscik (with his first wife in Poland) living under completely different surnames to Hoscik and close to the London area.
The Gostiks tend to have a direct descendancy from Wladyslaw's first wife (Stanislawa) in Poland and for the most part these descendants are found in Poland. For privacy purposes no further detail is provided.
Whether you are a Hostik or a Gostik one thing is sure, our common relative, WLADYSLAW HOSCIK, was an amazing person, for all he endured and went through, his name stands for determination to survive...at all costs.
All respect to Wladyslaw Hoscik.