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My Brother
Aleksander Hoscik

Overview

My brother Aleksander (Also called Lucjan and Lutek) was born on 5 August 1924. He was 16 years younger than me. When the Russians invaded Poland in 1939 he was a mere 15 years old.

Soviet Union

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Yibna

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Travelling To Britain

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1st Armoured Division

In Polish they are called "Dywizja Pancerna Szwadron Sztabowy" or "Armoured Division Squadron" and nicknamed "The Black Devils".

Formed in Feb 1942, Based in Duns, Scotland and formed by Major General Stanislaw Maczek. About 16,000 soldiers in the unit.

Their task was to defend the 200-kilometer stretch of the coast from the Firth of Forth to Montrose, Scotland along with the rest of Polish Corps I (which included amongst others the 1st Independent Polish Parachute Brigade)

Following the conferences at the War Office, the British and Polish General Staffs agreed on 31 August, 1942, to reorganise the First Armoured Motorised Corps, comprising the First Armoured Division, the Independent Infantry Brigade and several incomplete units.

They were initially equipped and trained on Crusader tanks but in late 1943 and early 1944 these were replaced with Sherman tanks and Cromwell tanks. They then participated in war games together with the 4th Canadian Armoured Division.

On April 29, 1943, Aleksander joined the 1st Armoured Division. The unit was still very new, in fact it had only just been formed on 25 February 1942.

The 1st Armoured Division had 2 armoured brigades plus associated infantry units.

28 August 1942 - Rozkaz Dzienny Nr 55 (Page 83)

This would appear to be the record that indicates Aleksander arriving at the HQ of the 1st Armoured Division. He arrives from "Subcamp Nr 4" (Strong suspicion this is Auchtertool Distribution Camp).

  • Polish - Z Podobozu Nr4
  • English - With Subcamp number 4 (Arrives from subcamp number 4?)
Daily Orders Of The HQ Squadron 1st Armoured Division Extract - 1942 08 28

29 August 1942 - Rozkaz Dzienny Nr 56 (Page 85)

  • Polish - Szw.Reg.Ruchu 1.Dyw.Panc (Abbreviation for: Szwadron Regulacji Ruchu. 1st Dywizja Pancerna)
  • English -
Daily Orders Of The HQ Squadron 1st Armoured Division Extract - 1942 08 29

13 October 1942 - Rozkaz Dzienny Nr94

  • Polish - Powrot Ze Szpitala - W Dniu Dzisiejazym powrocil ze szpitala angielskie go ulan Hosik Aleksander ze szwadronu Reg.Ruchu 1 Dyw panc.-po wyleczeniu.(od 2.x.42)
  • English - Return From Hospital - On Today's Day, he returned from the hospital in English, ulan Hosik Alexander from the Szwadron Regulacji Ruchu u 1st Dywizja Pancerna after healing (from 2.10.42)
Daily Orders Of The HQ Squadron 1st Armoured Division Extract - 1942 10 13

Alexander would have spend some time here (Army Hospital Nr 1) at Taymouth Castle which was temporarily used as a hospital for Polish soldiers. Read more about the hospital in Wikipedia.

Taymouth Castle

3rd November 1942 - Rozkaz Dzienny Nr 112 (Book 9a Page 161)

Aleksander Hoscik goes on a 6 week driver training course on 26 October 1942 (Presumably that year). Given that he was not long out of hospital (possibly this was when his hand was blown off by a grenade?) this is remarkable. And that he should be a one-handed driver is perhaps more remarkable.

  • Polish - Kursy - W Dniu 26.X.rb. odeszli: na 6-cio tygodnoiwy Cenbr.Kurs Kier. Samoch.z Szwadr.Reg.Ruchu,nisej wymieni szer:
  • English - Courses - On 26.10.rb they left for the 6-week long cenbr.kurs kier. automobile traffic regulation squadron below listed ????:
Daily Orders Of The HQ Squadron 1st Armoured Division Extract - 1942 11 03

9th November 1942 - Rozkaz Dzienny Nr 117

There was an internal adjustment to the composition of 1st Armoured Division. It would appear that staff were transferred from Squadron of HQ Staff of 1st. Armoured Division to Squadron of Traffic Regulation of the 1st Armoured Division.

  • Polish - Sklad osobowy Szwadronu Regulacji Ruchu 1 Dyw.Panc.ze Szyradront Sztab.Kw.Gl.1 Dyw.Panc.do Szwadr.Regulacji Ruchu 1 Dyw.Panc.w skladzie 2 oficerow i 102 szer.lista w zalaczeniu gorozkazu.
  • English - Personal composition of the Traffic Regulation Squadron 1st Armoured Division ze Szyradront Sztab.Kw.Gl.1 Dyw.Panc.do Szwadr.Regulation Ruch 1 Dyw.Panc.with two officers and 102 szer.lista in addition to the order.
Daily Orders Of The HQ Squadron 1st Armoured Division Extract - Nr117

Gendarmerie

Within the 1st Armoured Division was the Gendermarie section (A special formation of military police appointed to maintain internal order and military discipline and public safety in the army). See Here.

Within the Genderarmie was the Squadron of Traffic Regulations (in Polish " Szwadron Regulacji Ruchu).

26 Oct 1942

  • Polish -
  • English -

29 April 1943 - Rozkaz Dzienny Nr 100

The brother of Aleksander Hoscik, that is, Wladyslaw Hoscik, is also noted as going on a "driver training course". It rather looks like Wladyslaw transferred from the 1st Independent Polish Parachute Brigade (as per his records) into the 1st Armoured Division and thus joins his brother Aleksander.

It's possible (but unlikely) that Wladyslaw was simply there for the driver training course and went back to the 1st Independent Polish Parachute Brigade.

  • Polish - Kapral HOSCIK Wladyslaw -  Wym.w dniu dzisiejszym ubyli do miejsc przydzialu. W dniu 28.4.br.z K.U.Nr1 przybyl do kwat.Cl.1 Dyw.Panc.szereg
  • English - Corporal HOSCIK Wladyslaw - Wym.wodzli left to the places of allotment. On 28/4/43 from the K.U.Nr1, he arrived at the HQ of 1st Armoured Division.
Daily Orders Of The HQ Squadron 1st Armoured Division Extract - 1943 04 29 Nr100

10 May 1943

  • Polish -
  • English -

May 1944

  • Polish -
  • English -

26 October 1942

  • Polish -
  • English -

Losing My Hand

  • Polish -
  • English -

Back To Poland

  • Polish -
  • English -

July 1944

The division transferred to Normandy by the end of July 1944 and served in the final phases of the Battle of Normandy in August 1944. Was Aleksander in Normandy briefly, or Wladyslaw? We don't know.

Research Notes

Each military unit has a commander who will issue daily orders to the division or unit. These will then be recorded in the "Daily Orders" book of that unit. This book is known as "Dywizja Pancerna Szwadron Sztabowy - Rozkazy Dzienny" or "Armoured Division Squadron - Daily Orders".

These daily orders serve as a method of cross verifying a soldiers military career. Therefore, the daily orders of each military unit/section a soldier is in need consulted in order to get further background on his military career. These are the daily orders of the 1st Armoured Division which are held by the Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum.

  • Book 2 - http://polishinstitute.com/r/9b.pdf - This covers 19 December 1942 to 31 December 1942 (Orders No 151 to 159) and then 1 January 1943 to 7 July 1943 (Orders No 1 - 153).

# It was noted in the order books that holidays or "urlopy" was granted to the soldiers periodically and that Forfar and Galashiels were the most common places. Holidays were also granted to soldiers for London, St.Andrews, Aberdeen, Inverness, Glasgow and Newmarket (Where they had operations).

Further Reading

The above excerpts came from the Daily Order of the 1st Armoured Division held in the online archives at Polish Institute And Sikorski Museum:

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